The worship of Linga as Śiva according to most scholars, especially from the west arises from the worship of phallus. There are many ancient sculptures that represent this form, as in the case of Gudinallam linga, and literary references, that justify this assumption. This view cannot be held wrong. ButRead More →

Radiocarbon dating is a radiometric dating method that uses the naturally occurring isotope carbon-14 (14C) to determine the age of carbonaceous materials up to about 60,000 years.[1] Raw, i.e. uncalibrated, radiocarbon ages are usually reported in radiocarbon years “Before Present” (BP), “Present” being defined as AD 1950. Such raw agesRead More →

The Cholas of Tanjavur Cholas is an ancient dynasty of southern India having roots in Indian mythology. It was in 850 AD, Vijayalaya Chola, a feudatory of Pallava captured Tanjore (or Tanjavur) and brought Chola dynasty to prominence once again. His son Aditya Chola (871-907 AD) squarly defeated Pandyas andRead More →

The Sun Temple Place : Konark, Orissa Situated 36 kilometers from Puri and 64km from Bhubaneswar in the State of Orissa, Konark Temple also known as the Black Pagoda from its dark colour seen from a distance. The Sun temple, also known as ‘Konark Temple’ and ‘Black Pagoda’ is consideredRead More →

VELANCHERI PLATES OF PARANTAKA CHOLA I The plates Parantaka’s charter, consists of five plates fastened to a ring and seal. The plates measure 22 cm. in length, 6.5 c.m. in breadth and 3 m.m. in thickness. The charter is engraved on both the sides of all the copper plates. TheRead More →

Reconstruction of the ancient Port, Korkai in Tuttukkudi District of Tamil Nadu Chronologically, Korkai is the oldest port site of Tamil country possibly since the beginning of the first millennium BC. However, its emergence as a significant emporium may have been only around the fourth and fifth century BC. KorkaiRead More →

FIRST NAME+-SURNAME ACCREDITED NAME : YEAR OF ACCESSION TO THRONE: CHANGE OF CAPITAL TO: [E]kaai cina vazhuthi 9800 B.C.E.-THENMARUTHAM nedumeen thizhigan vael’meen kaavan ………. kadungoan 5400 B.C.E.-KU’ADAM (ALAIVAAI) ilanthirai vazhuthi 5370 B.C.E. ……….. vaandroarchezhiyan 3100 B.C.E.-KOR’KAI mukkaavan vazhuthi 3020 B.C.E. ……….. [E]alaivaai agazhch chezhiyan 2845 B.C.E. -old remaining land ofRead More →

Irish excavations Dublin 1970:17 High Street/Winetavern Street Viking / Medieval town site Excavations by the National Museum of Ireland at High Street and Winetavern Street, Dublin, continued during 1970. Twelfth century levels at High Street some further interesting examples of bone trial pieces with panels of interlaced motifs of Hiberno-VikingRead More →

Arikamedu, the ancient Roman trade centre is 4 Kms. south of Pondicherry on the right bank of Ariyankuppam river. It has a long history that dates back to the second century B.C. The port town was inhabited by Romans, Cholas and French who left their mark on this wonderful placeRead More →

In histories of European archaeology, the term ‘antiquarianism’ usually refers to the discovery, collection and description of antiquities, to the amateur study of artefacts or monuments. In such study, artefacts and monuments are treated as ends in themselves. In early-nineteenth-century India, however, the word ‘antiquarianism’ had broader and more scholarlyRead More →